In Vitro Fertilization is commonly referred to as IVF. IVF is the process of fertilization by manually combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. When the IVF procedure is successful, the process is combined with a procedure known as embryo transfer , which involves physically placing the embryo in the uterus.
What is involved with in vitro fertilization?
There are five basic steps in the IVF and embryo transfer process which include the following:
- 1. Monitor and stimulate the development of healthy egg(s) in the ovaries.
- 2. Collect the eggs.
- 3. Secure the sperm.
- 4. Combine the eggs and sperm together in the laboratory and provide the appropriate environment for fertilization and early embryo growth.
- 5. Transfer embryos into the uterus.